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3 to 6 series cell lithium-ion battery monitor and secondary protection for automotive battery packs

 

Features for the BQ76PL536A-Q1

 

  • Qualified for Automotive Applications
  • AEC-Q100 Qualified With the Following Results:
    • Device Temperature Grade 2: –40°C to +105°C Ambient Operating Temperature Range
    • Device HBM Classification Level 2
    • Device CDM Classification Level C4B
  • 3-to-6 Series Cell Support, All Chemistries
  • Hot-Pluggable
  • High-Speed Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) for Data Communications
  • Stackable Vertical Interface
  • Isolation Components Not Required Between Devices
  • High-Accuracy Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC):
    • ±1 mV Typical Accuracy
    • 14-Bit Resolution, 6-µs Conversion Time
    • Nine ADC Inputs
    • Dedicated Pins for Synchronizing Measurements
  • Configuration Data Stored in Error Check/Correct (ECC)-One-Time-Programmable (OTP) Registers
  • Built-In Comparators (Secondary Protector) for:
    • Overvoltage and Undervoltage Protection
    • Overtemperature Protection
    • Programmable Thresholds and Delay Times
    • Dedicated Fault Signals
  • Cell Balancing Control Outputs With Safety Timeout
    • Balance Current Set by External Components
  • Supply Voltage Range from 7.2 V to 27 V Continuous and 36-V Peak
  • Low Power:
    • Typical 12-µA Sleep, 45-µA Idle
  • Integrated Precision 5-V, 3-mA LDO

 

Description for the BQ76PL536A-Q1

 

The bq76PL536A-Q1 device is a stackable battery monitor and protector for three-to-six lithium-ion cells in series. The bq76PL536A-Q1 integrates an analog front end (AFE) along with a precision analog-to-digital converter (ADC), used to precisely measure battery cell voltages. A separate ADC is used to measure temperature.

In addition to temperature measurement, overvoltage and undervoltage are monitored per channel for protection. Non-volatile memory stores the user-programmable protection thresholds and delay times. A FAULT output signals whenever one of these thresholds is exceeded.

Cell stacks of 192 cells can be supported by stacked bq76PL536A-Q1 devices. A high-speed SPI interface connects all devices.